By Jane Farrow & Leigh Thorpe, with input from Tim Groves
Jane's Walk celebrates and investigates the walkability and potential of cities and neighbourhoods. Quite simply, they are intended as a way to get out and discover something new about a community you know or want to know better. Walks can range from formal and educational to experiential and eclectic — it all depends on who's leading the walk.
Generally, a walking tour for Jane's Walk has a different intention than the tourist walking tours you are probably familiar with. We think of a Jane's Walk tour as a walking conversation that can share the walk leader's local knowledge, but beyond that, shares their enthusiasm, their appreciation of their neighbourhood or their city, their excitement at what is to be discovered, and their vision for how it might be improved. While each walk will be a different mix, we hope that the overall experience will ignite similar passions in the participants.
The tips below are intended as guidelines only. Feel free to invent, create, and colour outside the lines.
You decide what's important. This is a prime opportunity to learn more about your community, find out its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and vulnerabilities, and use this information as a foundation for planning a better community, encouraging people to get involved and take control of their future.
You don't have to be a Jane Jacobs expert to lead a walk. Jane championed the practical and experiential expertise of local residents and pedestrians over the formal, analytical expertise of architects and planners. As a local resident, you are an expert on your area of the city. If you decide to incorporate more of Jane Jacobs ideas, you might want to bring along one of her books, read short excerpts (or ask others to do that), observe a 'sidewalk ballet', discuss what 'mixed use' means in the local context, and so on. We have a some background information about Jane Jacobs on our website (including some reading lists of books by and about Jane Jacobs), but there are many more extensive resources at the library or on the web.
We encourage you to share the walk leader duties with one or two friends or colleagues. A walking tour is very different from a talk or a lecture — you're using the space around you for illustrations and inspiration. Walks can include extensive historical research, but they don't need to. You could focus on contemporary insights, observation, and opinion. Some of the best walks provide a minimum of talk from the guides, and focus instead on drawing out participants to tell their stories and thoughts about the area.
People are captivated by experience and narrative. Get people to think about how the place would have smelled, sounded, or looked years ago, or what it could be like in the future. Talk about what happened in a particular corner or neighbourhood, or your vision of what it could become with people's creative input.
Jane's Walk is about connecting to the places where we live and work, to cultivate belonging and engagement — get your participants involved. Poll your participants on what they think, get them to share their stories, past or present about, say, the pubs they frequented, what clothes they wore, what music that was hip and happening at different times in the past.
As well as sharing your own perspectives, consider involving some local residents or business people along the way. Talk to a hot-dog vendor who is thoroughly familiar with the local characters, and the patterns and rhythms of the street (what Jane Jacobs called the "sidewalk ballet"). You might want to line up a local business owner, arrange to drop into a store, or even meet up "accidentally" with a local politician to get their perspectives on the neighbourhood. Often, people with a connection to the area of the walk will attend the walk or take an interest in the walk as it passes. These folks have interesting stories to relate.
If you feel comfortable with the theatrical, props and performances can add a novel and creative touch to a walk. Ask one of your participants to read aloud an excerpt from a local writer or a newspaper clipping from the past. Some walk leaders arrange to have people appear in costumes en route to 'animate' a point of interest.
Try to plan the walk for an hour, and no more than an hour and a half. Walks usually take longer than the original plan because there will be contributions from the participants.
Some people get uncomfortable standing or walking for longer periods of time, and need a place to sit. If you must go longer, plan a break inside the tour. Your walkers might also want to do other walks, so try in the execution to keep to the time you've planned.
Breadth vs. depth
Strike a balance between talking and moving. It is much harder to stand on pavement for two hours than to walk on it. Keep things moving, but bear in mind that covering great distances with only a few key stopovers may make it hard to maintain attention. The most successful walks find that magical balance between walking and standing.
There is an argument for having a walk that covers more territory than stories or details. Talking as you stroll along with your group, individually or en masse, can certainly be enjoyable and personable. As well, if you are engaging the participants to share their own knowledge and experience, they will be talking to each other as they move from one point to the next.
Especially if you're planning a walk of over 2 km, keep in mind that you are going to have to sacrifice stationary talk time and focus on 'getting there' to some extent. People will drop off naturally if they need to take a break or get somewhere else — don't take it personally.
When thinking through your walk, assume folks in your audience live and work in this city. If they are visitors to town that's great, but pitch the content to locals who are familiar with the urban turf, some of the politics and players. Jane's Walk is not a tourism initiative. It's a chance to learn more about our own city: neighbourhoods we haven't yet explored, or that we want to know better.
Think about having four to eight to twelve points of interest, depending on the distance being covered, and the depth of information and discussion you are planning. If you have multiple stories about individual sites, you should have fewer sites in total. Aim for a variety of sites that speak to a range of interests and approaches. You might want to consider some of these sorts of sites, depending on your topic and theme, of course:
Determine a route that takes you past the sites you have chosen. Keep the distance manageable for a broad range of ages and fitness levels. You do not have to start and end at the same place, but the starting point should be an area where a small gathering will not be in the way, and preferably, where seating is available. End the tour near public transit if possible, and ideally, where people can sit down and talk more. Pubs, coffee shops, and patios are perfect for this.
Your notes should be well-organized and easy to read. Maps are always good, as are historical photographs or printed material that goes along with your points of interests. You can pass these around or provide handouts that people can refer to as the walk progresses.
Once you have defined your walk notes and route, it is a good idea to stage a dry run with a friend or co-guide. Scope out the good places to stop, think about shade and sun, overhanging roofs are great to stand under. Remember all the walks go rain or shine. You may want to identify a coffee shop or restaurant where you can take shelter and talk together in the case of a downpour.
It is important to act as a friendly host for the group. You may want to establish a friendly vibe by having people introduce themselves to each other at the start. (The success of this will depend in part on the size of the group.) Emphasize the need to gather in close while you're talking and not block the sidewalks for other pedestrians. Make sure everyone can hear you. You may need to corral them into a space where there's as little street noise as possible. Face them when you speak.
Position yourself so you can be looking toward them, while they view the 'point of interest.' Where available, you can get them to stand on stairs or a rise, and speak to them 'amphitheatre' style. You could also stand on stairs or a low wall to get a bit higher, and project over the group [however, choose something compatible with your age and agility — be safe!]. If you're on a busy street, you may really need to belt it out. Do not be shy — you are the host.
Some may need a washroom break for walks longer than an hour, so you might want to plan to pass near a fast food joint or coffee shop to facilitate these functions.
For groups bigger than twenty or so, some form of amplification can be helpful, particularly if your route will take you along noisy streets. Jane's Walk Ottawa-Gatineau has a few megaphones available to lend walk leaders. Unless you have a booming voice or are walking in a quiet location, you may need it to be heard consistently by everyone in the group. If you want to borrow a megaphone, please get in touch with the organizers, and we'll arrange to have one available for your walk.
If you have your own megaphone, bring it along. If you can lend us a megaphone, or know where we can borrow additional megaphones or amplification, please let us know.
That's it for now, but if you have tips to add, drop us a line.
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